Chronology of Freemasory to 1992

Published in  The Educator  

Compiled by VW. Bro. Norman McEvoy
Victoria Columbia Lodge No 1 G.L. of BC & Yukon (Canada)

Chronological History of Freemasonry & Related Events
as at June 10,2014

967 BCE Building of King Solomon’s Temple commenced
960 BCE King Solomon’s Temple completed

587 BCE King Solomon’s Temple is destroyed 298 AD Martyrdom of the Quatuor Coronati

926 Prince Edwin, son of King Athelstan, calls and presides over a meeting of Masons at York, England.
1066-1087 Reign of William I of England
1087-1100 Reign of William II of England
1100-1135 Reign of Henry I of England
1135-1154 Reign of Stephen de Blois of England

1136 Masons “Marks” found in Melrose Abbey Church
1139 Pope Innocent II grants Knights Templars International Sovereignty
1145 Templars granted rights to consecrate land & collect taxes.
1154-1189 Reign of Henry II of England
1189-1199 Reign of Richard I of England
Gothic Cathedrals are built in Western Europe in 12th and 13th Centuries
1199-1216 Reign of King John of England
1215 The Magna Carta is signed by King John, establishing some rights
for free & bonded men.
1216-1272 Reign of Henry III of England
1230 London Regulation regarding Apprentices
1272-1307 Reign of Edward I of England

1278 The use of the word “Lodge” appears in the records of Vale Royal Abbey
1291 End of the Eight Crusades
1307 Knights Templar persecuted by Philip the Fair of France on Friday the 13th of October
1307-1327 Reign of Edward II of England

1314 Battle of Bannockburn and the Legend of the Mystery Knights in Battle
1314 Execution of Jacques DeMolay Grand Master of Knights Templar in France
1327-1377 Reign of Edward III of England
1348 Order of the Garter established by Edward III

The “Statute of Labourers” is passed regulating the wages of workmen.
It also prevents the escalation of wages due to the shortage of
experienced workers and the great amount of construction work available
The words “mason” and “freestone” appear in this document.
1348/50 Black Death experienced in all of Western Europe
1356 Guildhall/London Trade Ordinances (relating to tradesmen in England) drawn.
1371 House of Stuart in Scotland (King Robert II )
1376 Earliest known use of the word “Freemason”
1377/1399 Reign of Richard II of England
1384 Translation of the Bible into English by John Wycliffe
1389 Mention made of “Fraternity of Masons”

1390 circa
Regius Manuscript also known as the Halliwell Manuscript==the Old Charges
1399-1413 Rule of Henry IV of England

1400 The inventory of the Mason’s Lodge at York Minster contains two Tracing Boards
1401 New Trade Ordinances (relating to tradesmen in England) drawn.
1413-1422 Reign of Henry V of England
1422-1461 Reign of Henry VI of England
1425 Cooke MS.
1429 Order of the Golden Fleece constituted by Philip of Burgundy

1429 “Masons of the Lodge” is mentioned in the records of Canterbury Cathedral
1446 Rosslyn Chapel founded by William Sinclair completed in 1486
1461-1483 Reign of Edward IV of England
1463 The Worshipful Company of Masons of the City of London erects
its first meeting hall.
1471 Robert Stowell is appointed “Master of Masons” at Westminster Abbey
1472 Grant of Coat of Arms to London Company of Masons
1475 Edinburgh Deal of Cause/ Incorporation of St Mary’s Chapel
1479 The term “Master Mason” appears in the name of William Orchard
at Magdalen College, Oxford.
1483 Reign of Edward V of England
1483 Reference to Lodge at Aberdeen
1483-1485 Reign of Richard III of England
1485-1509 Reign of Henry VII of England

1487 The word “Freemason” appears for the first time in the “Statutes of England”

1491 First reference to Lodge at Edinburgh.  A Municipal Law is passed at St Giles, Edinburgh, establishing the conditions of employment of Master Masons and co-workers

1509-1547 Reign of Henry VIII of England

1509 Commencement of the separation of Church & State in England and the move from Roman Catholicism To Church of England

The “Act of Supremacy” is passed abrogating the Pope’s authority and making
Henry V111 the head of the Church of England
1538 Roman Catholic Monasteries in England are looted & sacked
1541 Henry VIII declared King of Ireland

1547 The Act disendowing all religious Fraternities is passed & enacted
1547-1553 Reign of Edward VI of England
1553 Reign of Jane for 9 days only.

Reign of Mary of England. Sometimes referred to as “Mary Queen of Scots” &
“Bloody Mary” as she Worked very hard to restore Papal Power to England and
had many burned at the stake for not sharing her ambitions.
1558-1603 Reign of Elizabeth I of England
1560 Protestant Kirk established in Scotland by John Knox.
1561 Queen Elizabeth sends armed forces to York to break up Grand Lodge meeting.  The Grand Master Sir Thomas Sackville receives the army
and initiates them into the order.

1561 Birth of Sir Francis Bacon
1566 Birth of James VI
1576 Mary Queen of Scots abdicates and James VI becomes King of Scotland (age 10 )
1581 The Masons Company was incorporated at Newcastle and given certain powers and duties
Reign of James VI of Scotland ( age 15)
Champion of the Stuart claim to the Throne of England and advocated the return of Papal Powers to Great Britain
1583 Grand Lodge #1 Manuscript ===The Old or “Antient Charges” are written
William Schaw appointed “Master of the Works” in Scotland by James V1
1583 St. Mary`s Lodge of Dundee is mentioned in an Indenture bearing this date.

James VI signs Treaty of Berwick with Elizabeth I

1587 Execution of Mary Queen of Scots
England defeats Spain in the Spanish Armada. (England now rules the seas)
1589 James VI marries Anne of Denmark
1590 Royal Arch working recorded in Stirling Scotland

Gresham College in England founded by Sir Thomas Gresham
1598 Schaw Statutes No 1 Regulating the Masons in Scotland
1599 chaw Statutes No 2 Regulating the Masons of Scotland BUT giving Lodge of Kilwinning
supervisory powers of the Lodges in Western Scotland
1599 The oldest known written records of a Masonic Lodge; Jan 9,1599.
Aitchisons Havens Lodge in Musselburgh Scotland (Ceased to exist in 1856)

1599 Earliest Edinburgh Lodge #1 Minutes
First record of the admission of a non-operative (accepted) mason in a Scottish Lodge.
James Boswell of Auchinlek at Lodge Edinburgh Scotland
1601 First St Clair Charter (Scotland)
1601 Conflict between James V1 of Scotland and the St Clair family over control of Masonry in Scotland.

1601 James V1 of Scotland initiated into Lodge of Scoon & Perth.

Death of Elizabeth I 1603-1625
Reign of James I of England who was also James VI of Scotland (Stuart)
1605 Guy Fawkes attempts to blow up the Houses of Parliament in London in support
of the return of Roman Catholicism to England on November 5th, 1605
1606-1609 Scottish settlers granted land, confiscated by England in Northern Ireland.
1609-1673 Robert Moray born in Scotland
1610 Francis Bacon writes “The New Atlantis”
1611 King James Bible originates and becomes available to the general public.

1617-1692 Elias Ashmole born in Lichfield England
1618-1648 Thirty Years of War in Europe
1619 Earliest account books of London Mason’s Company uses the terms Accepted & Operative
“Making of Masons” in London Mason’s Company.
The records indicate that there were both “accepted” & “operative”
members on the records Noted that these Lodges were well entrenched in England
1625 Death of James 1 of England
1625-1649 Reign of Charles I of England
1627 England declares war on Spain
Second St Clair Charter Issued ;
Parliament Issues Petition of Right.

English Parliament dissolved by Charles I and tradition of “Black Rod” begins.
John Stow, in his “Survey of London” mentions “The Company of Masons being
otherwise termed Freemasons” ”
This appears to be the first record of the use of the term “Freemason” since 1487
Robert Moray joins the French Scots Guard at age 24

Lord Alexander of Stirling ; Sir Thomas Alexander and Sir Thomas Strachan
are all made Accepted Masons at Lodge Edinburgh.
Charles 1 attempts to force the use of Episcopal(Anglican)
Prayer Book on Scottish Churches
Creation of “Covenantors” in Scotland to defy Charles 1
The First Bishops War begins.

1640 The Earl of Stafford is executed
1641 Robert Moray made an Accepted Mason at Newcastle England
by Edinburgh Lodge(Scotland) At Age 31
First Minutes of Record for Kilwinning Lodge Scotland
1642-1646 Start of the First English Civil War

Battle of Edgehill
Robert Moray knighted by Charles I at Oxford. England. Age 33.

Battle of Marston Moor (defeat of Royalists by Cromwell)
Battle of Naseby
Sir Robert Moray ransomed by Charles I and comes to England
from France to act as a negotiator at age 35

Elias Ashmole Initiated at Warrington England on October 16th, 1646
and noted to be a “Freemason” at age 29
Second English Civil War with the victor being the Republicans
under Oliver Cromwell
1647 King Charles I in custody.Trial and subsequent
execution of the King Charles I in 1649
Sir Robert Moray goes to France to meet Charles II and
invite him to Scotland. Age 38
Charles I executed
Cromwell defeats the Scots at Preston & the Commonwealth is established.
Beginning of what is commonly referred to as THE COMMONWEALTH
At this date Robert Moray was 40 years old & Elias Ashmole 33 years old.

The Harleian Manuscript is written about this date.
1651 Charles II crowned King of Scotland at Scoon and subscribes to the Covenant.
Carles II invades England is defeated at Worcester and flees to France
1653-1658 Oliver Cromwell made Lord Protector of Britain
Robert Moray uses a veiled reference to a Master Builder”
in a letter to Charles II (age 43)
Highland rising defeated by Cromwell at Battle of Loch Garry
“The Company of Freemasons of the City of London” changes its name to
“The Company of Masons” one might reasonably ask WHY?
Cromwell permits Jews to return to England
Robert Moray is cleared of the charge of treason and returns from Paris.(Age 45)

1658 Death of Oliver Cromwell
1658-1659 Richard Cromwell (son of Oliver) made Lord Protector of Britain
1659 May ====Rump Parliament re-installed at Westminster.
1659 Dec=====Full Parliament restored at Westminster
1660 May=====Charles II proclaimed King.
1660 Charles II Crowned King of England, Scotland & Ireland (Britain)
Beginning of what is commonly referred to as THE RESTORATION
Reign of Charles II

1660 The Royal Society of London is Chartered by Charles II
1660 The Church of England, backed by the Clarendon Code and Act of Uniformity
is restored as the National Church of England.
1660 The Indemnity & Oblivion Act is proclaimed pardoning all past
treason against the Crown with certain exclusions.
1662 Ascribed date to a General Assembly of Masons
1662 A Brief account of the New Sect of Latitude Men published.

1665 Sir
Robert Moray (Age 55)starts to write a history of Freemasonry
for Royal Society of London1666
The Great Fire of London
1668 The Hall of the Worshipful Company of Masons rebuilt
The records (Minutes) of Lodge Aberdeen show that some members
are operative and others are not.
Rendel Holmes’s Lodge at Chester

Death of Sir Robert Moray and his burial in Westminster Abbey.(Age 63)
1673-1681 Tests Acts declared in England & Scotland
1676 Accepted Masons mentioned in “Poor Robin’s Intelligence”
1677 The Stanley MS written about this time
1680 Dr James Anderson born at Aberdeen in Scotland
Elias Ashmole’s diary records that he attended a Lodge meeting
at Mason’s Hall in London
Death of Charles II1685-1688 Reign of James II
King James II issues Declaration for Liberty of Conscience
“Society of Freemasons” mentioned in Plot’s “Natural History of Staffordshire”
and Aubrey’s “Natural History of Wiltshire”

“Society of Freemasons” mentioned in Randal Holm’s “Academie of Armoury”
A Lodge of accepted Masons met at Trinity College Dublin Ireland.
1688 The Glorious Revolution
1688 Invasion of England by William of Orange

Reign of William & Mary, & William III
Mary being the daughter of James II (Stuart)
1689 Westminster Bill of Rights and Declaration of Rights (Toleration Act)
The Battle of the Boyne fought in Ireland between the Protestant forces
of William & Mary and those of the Roman Catholic forces of James II.
The victory of the Protestant forces in this battle defused the
ambitions of James II to restore Roman Catholicism as the official
religion in the British Isles.
Aubrey’s date for Sir Christopher Wren’s initiation into Masonry.

Death of Elias Ashmole at age 75

York #4 Manuscript of Old Charges lists lodge members
1694 James Anderson claims there are eight Lodges working in London.
The Edinburgh Register House Manuscript states that Masons have
“words” “grips” “signs” and “five points”

An Anti-Masonic leaflet is printed in London
1701 British Act of Settlement preserves the British Crown
for Protestants alone.
1701 First Rules of Alnwick Lodge1702-1714
Reign of Queen Anne
1702 The Minute Book of Haughfoot Lodge (Scotland) commences on
December 2nd.
1703 Isaac Newton made President of Royal Society of London

Scarborough Manuscript of Old Charges lists members at a
Lodge at Scarborough.

First records of a Lodge at York
1707 Act of Union of England and Scotland
Freemasons modes of recognition mentioned in the “Tatler”.
A popular newspaper of the day.
George Gray made a Mason at Bedale, England
York Lodge makes eighteen masons at Bradford England
Reign of George I

1715 Jacobite Rebellion in Scotland

A meeting is held in The Apple Tree Tavern , London,
to discuss the forming of a Grand Lodge
Formation of the Grand Lodge of England (London) by four London Lodges
and the installation of Anthony Sayer as 1st Grand Master.
1717-1738 Freemasonry experiences severe internal Political & Religious conflict
involving the proponents of the Roman Catholic Church (Stuarts) &
the Anglican Church of England (Hanoverians)
1718 George Payne becomes second Grand Master of
Grand Lodge of England (London)
Rev. Bro. John Theophilius Desaguliers installed as third Grand Master
Grand Lodge of England (London)
1720 Declaratory Act gives England power to Legislate for Ireland

Laurence Dermott born in Ireland.

2nd Duke of Montagu installed as the fourth Grand Master
& first of Noble Blood.
The Grand Lodge of England adopts a regulation that all regular
Lodges are now required to obtain a Charter from the Grand Lodge of England
Dr Desaguliers visits Edinburgh Scotland
First Edition of “Grand Lodge Constitutions” published by
Rev.Dr.James Anderson.

William Cowper appointed as first Grand Secretary of Grand Lodge of England.

First Grand Lodge of England Minutes taken

First Registration of Members

First confirmed Minute Book of a private Lodge
First mention of the Third Degree. (Hiramic Legend)

The Grand Lodge of Ireland is formed
First Provincial Grand Masters appointed by Grand Lodge of England
The Graham MS
Nathaniel Blackerby appointed Treasurer of Grand Lodge of England
1728 Lodges constituted in Gibraltar and India
1728 Grand Stewards appointed in Grand Lodge of England
“Masonry Dissected” published exposing Masonic Ritual

First Military traveling Charter granted by the Grand Lodge of Ireland
Grand Lodge of Massachusetts formed in Boston.
This is the Third Grand Lodge formed after England & Ireland
and the first in the Western Hemisphere.

Grand Lodge of Scotland formed
Frederick Lewis; Prince of Wales, initiated. First Royal Freemason
Anderson’s 2nd Edition of the Constitution for the Grand Lodge of England
Pope Clement XII issues his Papal Bull (In Eminenti) against membership in
Freemasonry on April 28th This is the first official edict by the
Roman Catholic Church against the Craft.
1738 Constitution of Grand Lodge of England amended to forbid all discussion
of Political & Religious matters in Lodges under their Jurisdiction.

Earliest record of the existence of the Royal Order of Scotland, in London
John Coustos is questioned and tortured by the Inquisition in Portugal
because he is a Freemason
1743 First printed reference to Royal Arch Masonry
First undisputed reference to the Holy Royal Arch in the publication
“A Serious & Impartial Inquiry into the Cause of the Present Decay of
Freemasonry in the Kingdom of Ireland” by Fiefield Dassingy.
Laurence Dermott exalted into the Holy Royal Arch in Dublin Ireland
The Antient Grand Lodge of England is formed on July 17th. in London.
The formation of this NEW Grand Lodge was in protest to the changing
of Masonic Secrets by the Grand Lodge of England.
This NEW Grand Lodge referred to itself as the “Antients”
and the Grand Lodge of England as the “Moderns”
Pope Benedict XIV issues his Papal Bull against Freemasonry on May 18th
Laurence Dermott becomes Secretary of the Ancient Grand Lodge of England
First extant (undisputed) minute in the making of Royal Arch Masons in the
Lodge At Fredericksburg. Virginia
Grand Lodge of “the old Institution founded” (Antients) sometimes referred
to as “Atholl Masons” as their first Grand Master was
Lord Atholl of Ireland.
Thomas Dunkerley exalted as a Royal Arch Mason in his Lodge at
Portsmouth England
Jon Entick completely revises the Constitutions of the
Grand Lodge of England. (Moderns)
Laurence Dermott publishes “Ahiman Rezon” which is the Constitutions of
the Antient Grand Lodge of England. (Antients)
1758 “Strict Union” between Antients & Grand Lodge of Ireland revived

Grand Lodge of All England revived at York England

New printed exposures of Masonic Ritual begin to appear in England
Grand and Royal Arch Chapter formed by Charter of Compact in England
1768 Grand Lodge of England begins registration of members
1769 Charter of Incorporation proposed by Grand Lodge of England (Moderns)
William Preston publishes “Illustrations of Freemasonry”
and goes through 17 Editions by 1861.
1773 “Strict Union” between Antients and Grand Lodge of Scotland

Freemason’s Hall dedicated in London at Great Queen Street in London.
First ENGLISH record of Masonic Knight Templar at Portsmouth England
1779 Grand Lodge “South of the River Trent” formed in London
1788 Royal Masonic Institution for Girls founded

HRH. George, Prince of Wales, elected Grand Master
First record of the Conferral of the Royal Ark Mariner at Bath

1791 Grand Conclave of Knights Templar formed by Dunkerley
1792 First Masonic Journal
Royal Masonic Institution for Boys founded.
1798 Open Rebellion in Ireland against British Rule and defeated in 1799
1798 The “Unlawful Societies Act” enacted in British Parliament applying
only to Great Britain & not including Ireland
Freemasonry excepted from the provisions under the “Unlawful Societies Act”
1801 Political Union of Great Britain & Ireland established

Lodge of Promulgation warranted with the task of investigating the
differences in ritual between the Antient & Modern Grand Lodges
(by open debate) and seeking some form of resolution & compromise
between these two Grand Lodges.
Negotiations begin toward seeking a union of the TWO Grand Lodges.

HRH Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex, installed As Grand Master of
the Grand Lodge of England

HRH Edward, Duke of Kent, installed as Grand Master of the Ancients Grand Lodge
Union of Grand Lodge of England (moderns) & Antients Grand Lodge of England
(Antients)completed to form the United Grand Lodge of England on December 27th
1813 Lodge of Reconciliation formed by U.G.L.E.
An “International Compact” is signed by the United Grand Lodge of England; the
Grand Lodge of Ireland & the Grand Lodge of Scotland,
in which they all agree on the basic points of Freemasonry.

Standard patterns for Regalia introduced

UGLE presents a new Grand Lodge Book of Constitutions issued for discussion

UGLE approves the New Ritual devised by The Lodge of Reconciliation.
Supreme Grand Chapter of The Holy Royal Arch Masons in Scotland formed
Supreme Grand Chapter of The Holy Royal Arch Masons formed in England
uniting Antients & Moderns into one common structure.

HRH, the Duke of Sussex, receives a patent from France to form a Supreme Council
of the Ancient And Accepted Rite.
William Preston author of “Illustrations on Freemasonry” passes to GLA and leaves
a substantial legacy to fund “The Prestonian Lectures” on
Masonic Education for future generations.

1819 Liverpool Rebellion leads to the formation of the Wigan Grand Lodge in 1823
and ceases to exist in 1866

Pope Pius VII issues a Papal Bull “Ecclesiam” against Freemasonry on Sept 13th

The Irish Parliament passes the “Unlawful Oaths Act” which was directed at many
organizations, however, 10 months later announces that it was not
intended to include Freemasonry
King Fedinand VII of Spain decrees the death of all Freemasons without trial.
Pope Leo XII issues his Papal Bull “Quiograviora” against Freemasonry on March 13th
Craft Installation of Officers ceremony agreed

Pope Pius VIII issues hi Papal Bull “Tradti” against Freemasonry on May 21
1830 The Baal’s Bridge Square (dated 1507) is found among the ruins in the
demolition of an old bridge in Limerick. Ireland.
Pope Gregory XVI issues his Papal Bull “Mirari” against Freemasonry on August 15th
Special Committee formed to revise the Royal Arch Ritual
Chapter of Promulgation chartered

Grand Lodge of Scotland issues its first Book of Constitutions since its
formation in 1734
United Grand Lodge of England Grand Lodge Library & Museum formed
UGLE ==Royal Masonic Benevolent Institution
James Halliwell discovers the Regis Manuscript in the British Museum

Grand Conclave of Knights Templar revived.1845
1845 Supreme Council, Ancient & Accepted Rite formed
1845-1849 Great Irish Potato Famine resulting in 1 million deaths & the immigration of
1 million Irish people worldwide.

Pope Pius IX issues his Papal Bull “Qui Fluribis” against Freemasonry on Nov 9th.
Pope Pius IX issues another Papal Bull “Quibus quanhtisque Malis” against
Freemasonry on Apr 20th

Grand Lodge of Mark Master Masons formed.
1849 Ontario Lodges (Canada) withdraw from United Grand Lodge of England
to form First Independent Colonial Grand Lodge
1857 Grand Mark Lodge formed in England
J.G. Fidel publishes Ä History of Freemasonry” First edition appears in 1865

Pope Pius IX issues his Papal Bull “Quanta Cura” against Freemasonry on Dec 8th
Societas Rosicrusiana in Anglia formed

Grand Council of Red Cross of Constantine formed
Pope Pius IX issues his Papal Bull “Multiplires Intern” against Freemasonry on Sept25th
New Freemason’s Hall London opened

Pope Pius IX issues his Papal Bull “Apostolicae Sedis” against Freemasonry on Oct 12th

Grand Council of Royal & Select Masters formed
Pope Pius 1X issues his Papal Decree “Esti Multa” against Freemasonry on Nov 21st
Marques of Ripon resigns as Grand Master on becoming a Roman Catholic

HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales, elected Grand Master

Grand Council of Allied Masonic Degrees formed

Gould’s ‘History of Freemasonry” is published
Pope Leo XIII issues his Papal Decree “Humanum Genus” against Freemasonry.
This is the last Papal Decree directed against Freemasonry .
Over a period of 146 Years 13 Papal Bulls were issued against Freemasonry
Quatuor Coronati (The Four Crowned Martyrs) (Refer 290BC)
Lodge #2076 United Grand Lodge of England is constituted and becomes, to this day,
the premier Masonic Research Lodge in the World.
Its First “Transactions” were published in 1888 and yearly since that date.
Especial Grand Lodge held to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria

Grand Council of Order of the Secret Monitor formed
Pope Leo XIII establishes an Anti-Masonic Bureau
1897 Especial Grand Lodge held to celebtate Diamond Jubilee of Quuen Victoria

Albert G. Mackey publishes his “History of Freemasonry;
Symbolism of Freemasonry ;Ancient & Accepted Scottish Rite & Encyclopedia and
the Royal Order of Scotland.”
Edward V11 becomes Grand Protector of the Order.

Albert G. Mackey publishes “Lexicon of Freemasonry

HRH Arthur, Duke of Connaught, installed as Grand Master

Worshipful Society of Free Masons; Wallers; Slaters; Paviours; Plaisterers
and Bricklayers (the operatives) formed

Commencement of the First World War

Bro. Rev. Joseph Ford Newton writes “The Builders”
This book is still very popular today

Albert G. Mackey publishes an Encyclopedia of Freemasonry & its Kindred Sciences.

Bicentenary of United Grand Lodge celebrated

Armistice reached ending the First World War
Grand Council of Knight Templar Priests formed

Grand Fascist Council issues its first resolution against Freemasonry (Italy)

Current Freemasons Hall dedicated
King Edward V111 (HRH Duke of Windsor) elected as a Past Grand Master UGLE
1937 King George the VI invested as Past Grand Master
King George V1 elected as a Past Grand Master UGLE

Knoop Jones & Hamer publish “The Two earliest Masonic Manuscripts”
Knoop Jones & Hamer publish “An Introduction to Freemasonry”
HRH Duke of Connaught resigns as Grand Master of UGLE

HRH George, Duke of Kent, Installed as Grand Master of UGLE

Temporary suspension of meetings due to declaration of war
Knoop & Jones publish “A Short History of Freemasonry to 1730″
1942 Duke of Kent (Grand Master) killed on active service.
Earl of Harewood installed as Grand Master by King George V1

1947 Knoop & Jones publish “The Geneses of Freemasonry”
1948 Duke of Devonshire installed as Grand Master by King George VI
Bernard E. Jones publishes ” A Freemason’s Guide and Compendium”

Earl of Scarbrough installed as Grand Master of UGLE
1952 Duke of Edinburgh Initiated

Pick & Knight publish ” The Pocket History of Freemasonry”

Feb 23rd Issue of the “Christian Science Monitor” publishes a
long favourable article on Freemasonry
The Oct 8th Issue of “Life” magazine is devoted entirely to Freemasonry
The High Synod of the Greek Orthodox Church petitions the Greek Minister
of the Interior to withdraw government recognition of Freemasonry.
A court in England rules that Freemasonry in not a Religion.
Bernard E. Jones publishes ” The Freemason’s Book on the Holy Royal Arch”
1964 Dec 29th. Bishop Mendez Arceo of Mexico expresses his view at
Vatican II that Roman Catholics should make peace with the Freemasons of the World.
Alec Mellor (a Roman Catholic) publishes “Our Separate Brethren- The Freemasons”
He later becomes a member of the Craft.
Discussions held in England as to whether to modify the ancient
penalties of the Craft Degrees

Bi-Centenary of Supreme Grand Chapter celebrated
250th Anniversary of United Grand Lodge of England celebrated and publishes
“Grand Lodge 1717-1967″

Bro. Harry Carr meets with Cardinal Heenan on London on March 8th to discuss the
relationship of Freemasonry and the Roman Catholic Church.
As a result of these discussions “Anti-Masonic” tracts are removed from sale in
Roman Catholic Churches in London.
Bro. Harry Carr has several more conferences with Cardinal Heenan.
This leads to friendly relationship developing between the Craft and the
Roman Catholic Church.
On April 26th it is rumoured that the Roman Catholic Church is about to change
its rule about barring Masonic membership to its members.
The Sacred Congregation of the Doctrine of the Faith
(as the Roman Inquisition was renamed by the Pope in 1965)
sends a letter to the various Episcopal Conferences on June 19th
informing them that Canan 2335 prohibiting its members from joining Freemasonry
is to be interpreted to apply to such groups as opposed to the Church.

HRH Edward, Duke of Kent, installed as Grand Master of the UGLE

Bro Harry Carr publishes ” A Freemason at Work”

Pope John Paul II visits Chicago while the Grand Lodge of Illinois is in session.
The Grand Master & Grand Wardens, by special invitation, are invited to attend a Mass
conducted by the Pope in Grant Park. Chicago.

1986 Removal of physical penalties from the obligations approved by United Grand Lodge of England.

1989 Major revision of the Royal Arch ritual approved by Supreme Grand Chapter

Annual Assembly of Royal Mark Mariners revived

Bi-centenary of Great Priory celebrated

275th Anniversary of Grand Lodge
25th Anniversary of HRH Duke of Kent as Grand Master
40th Anniversary of the accession of Her Majesty the Queen celebrated
by 12,500 Masons and their guests at Earl’s Court followed by a dinner for 4,000